DNA is the blueprint for life, it is found in the nucleus of cells on the chromosomes. It is found in many cell organelles, such as plasmids in bacteria, chloroplasts in plants, and mitochondria in both plants and animals. DNA helps us to perform many actions in solving crimes, and also helps us to do scientific studies that were not possible until recently. DNA has a double helix structure, its sugar phosphate backbone, made up of deoxyribose and a phosphate group are held together by hydrogen bonds and base pairs. These bases are adenine and guanine, thymine and cytosine. There are coding and non coding parts of DNA, the non coding part is called an intron, this may not seem to have a function but it helps to keep the structure of the helix by coiling, regulates when genes are expressed and is also used in DNA replication.
3.1.5 Nucleic acids are important information-carrying molecules
Recent Uses of DNA Technology Essays - Words | Bartleby
The DNA also called deoxyribonucleic acid; it is a molecule that consists of genetic instructions. These genetic instructions are used in the reproduction, function, growth and development of all living organisms and microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria. RNA or ribonucleic acid is also a nucleic acid together with DNA that exists alongside other lipids and proteins. These two macromolecules are very essential for all acknowledged kinds of life and mostly the structure of DNA is seen to be a double helix.
Using DNA in science and technology Essay Sample
Recombinant DNA Technology has been used to create different types of medicines for example human insulin. People with diabetes do not produce enough insulin for their own bodies, and in a lot of cases, they are allergic to non-human insulin. Due to the creation of Recombinant DNA Technology, scientists are able to produce such insulin in laboratories. The process for creating this insulin starts with isolating the gene from the human cells. Then after it has been isolated, it is then inserted into plasmids.
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