Alexander Pope 21 May — 30 May was a poet and satirist of the Augustan period and one of its greatest artistic exponents. After Shakespeare, he is the second-most quoted author in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations ,  some of his verses having entered common parlance e. His father also Alexander, — was a successful linen merchant in the Strand. Both parents were Catholics. Pope's education was affected by the recently enacted Test Acts , which upheld the status of the established Church of England and banned Catholics from teaching, attending a university, voting, and holding public office on penalty of perpetual imprisonment. In , his family moved to a small estate at Popeswood in Binfield , Berkshire, close to the royal Windsor Forest.
Essay on Criticism by Alexander Pope: An Overview
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Growing up during the Augustan Age, his poetry is heavily influenced by common literary qualities of that time, which include classical influence, the importance of human reason and the rules of nature. It is said that these ideas were partially influenced by his friend, Henry St. They are as follows:. By doing this, one would justify the happenings of life, and the workings of God, for there is a reason behind all things that is beyond human understanding. This is envisaged in line 13 when, keeping with the hunting motif, Pope advises his reader to study the behaviors of Nature as hunter would watch his prey , and to rid of all follies, which we can assume includes all that is unnatural.
ALEXANDER POPE: " AN ESSAY ON CRITICISM"
He is one of the most epigrammatic of all English authors. But his religion also precluded him from a formal course of education, since Catholics were not admitted to the universities. He was trained at home by Catholic priests for a short time and attended Catholic schools at Twyford, near Winchester, and at Hyde Park Corner, London, but he was mainly self-educated. He was a precocious boy, eagerly reading Latin, Greek, French, and Italian, which he managed to teach himself, and an incessant scribbler, turning out verse upon verse in imitation of the poets he read.
Alexander Pope, a translator, poet, wit, amateur landscape gardener, and satirist, was born in London in He contracted tuberculosis of the bone when he was young, which disfigured his spine and purportedly only allowed him to grow to 4 feet, 6 inches. Though he remained in ill health throughout his life, he was able to support himself as a translator and writer. As a Catholic at that time in Britain, he was ineligible for patronage, public office, or a position at a university.