But when wheat, oats, barley, rye, or rice are harvested, the fibrous plant husks left behind are not just a useless waste product. When these leftovers, known as straw, are tightly bundled up into bales, these plant remnants can actually be used as a building material — and a durable and inexpensive one at that. Straw bale construction has been growing by leaps and bounds, as more and more people have been discovering the versatility and utility of an old method of building that has suddenly become new again. In the nineteenth century, settlers on the Great Plains who did not have access to wood turned to squared bundles of straw as a replacement, and some of the homes they built are still standing to this day. Straw bale construction has been attracting the attention of off-the-gridders and intentional communitarians because straw bales are cheap, readily available, and provide the perfect raw materials for those with a desire to build something aesthetically unique.
Straw Bale in construction of building and its future in India
Strawbale Construction Methods and Techniques
Skip to content. Straw bale are traditionally a waste product which farmers do not till under the soil, but do sell as animal bedding or landscape supply due to their durable nature. In many areas of the country, it is also burned, causing severe air quality problems. It is important to recognize that straw is the dry plant material or stalk left in the field after a plant has matured, been harvested for seed, and is no longer alive.
Straw Bale Construction
Straw-bale construction is a building method that commonly uses straw from wheat, rice, rye and oats, as building insulation. The straw is the stalk of the grain without the grain head. Straw-bale construction has many advantages, including the carbon sequestration of the material, low cost, availability, fire-resistance, and insulation values. Straw stores sixty times more carbon than is used to grow, bale, and transport to building sites in the same region.
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